Waste Management and Guidelines

Vehicle Dismantling - Waste Guidelines

End-of-Life Vehicles and their components are classed as waste.

Most materials or substances that your business discards are classified as waste. You must ensure that your waste is handled safely and legally, both on and off your site.

Even if you reuse, recycle or treat materials or substances, they can still be classified as waste. You must ensure you recycle safely and legally, both on and off your site.

What you must do

Before you can collect, transport or receive waste on your site, you will need to hold some or all of the different waste-specific operating licences, registrations or exemptions referred to in the following links.

Once a vehicle has been depolluted, it is classed as non-hazardous. The level of treatment that a vehicle must undergo before it will be considered depolluted is described in the Governments guidance on ‘Depolluting End-of-Life Vehicles’.

The same treatment operations for depollution of end-of-life vehicles include: removal of batteries and liquefied gas tanks; removal or neutralisation of potentially explosive components (eg air bags); removal and separate collection and storage of fuel, motor oil, transmission oil, gearbox oil, hydraulic oil, cooling liquids, antifreeze, brake fluids, air-conditioning system fluids and any other fluid contained in the end-of-life vehicle, unless they are necessary for the re-use of the parts concerned; and Removal, as far as feasible, of all components identified as containing mercury.

For further information, use the links below.

ELVs which have not been fully depolluted, have many pollutants associated with them and are classified as Special or Hazardous waste. There are additional controls on the storage, movement and disposal of Special or Hazardous waste. ELVs fall into European Waste Catalogue code 16 01 which breaks down into 6 digit codes, several of which are identified as hazardous. Examples of components which may have hazardous properties include batteries, used oil, brake fluid, brake pads, brake shoes, brake dust, shock absorbers, electrical equipment and clutch plates containing asbestos. Click on the link below for information on the classification of typical wastes from vehicles.

For further information on the law governing Waste Management Licensing, and Hazardous/Special Waste, use the links below.

If you keep, treat or dispose of waste on your site, you must hold a Waste Management Licence or PPC permit or register an exemption to the requirement to hold a Waste Management Licence with the Environmental Regulator.

If you transport waste or arrange for the disposal or recycling of waste on behalf of someone else, you may need to register as a waste carrier or broker. For further information, use the link below.

The Duty of Care affects all businesses. You must make sure:

  • your waste is stored, handled, recycled or disposed of safely and legally
  • your waste is stored, handled, recycled or disposed of only by licensed individuals or businesses
  • you record all transfers of waste between your business and another business, using a waste transfer note (WTN)
  • you keep all WTNs, signed by both businesses, for at least two years
  • you record any transfer of hazardous/special waste between your business and another business, using a consignment note
  • you keep all consignment notes, signed by both businesses, for at least three years

Most businesses produce some waste that is harmful to humans and the environment. In England, Northern Ireland and Wales, you may need to treat this waste as hazardous waste. In Scotland, you may need to treat this waste as special waste.

You must follow regulations for dealing with hazardous/special waste.

You must ensure that all wastes are stored securely while they await disposal. Ensure that liquid wastes cannot escape into drains, watercourses or surrounding ground and any accidental spills can be properly and effectively contained.

Before you reuse, recover, recycle or dispose of waste containers, you must check whether their contents are classified as hazardous/special waste. Read the label on the container or the relevant Material Safety Data Sheet to help you do this. if the contents are classified as hazardous, then you must treat the entire container as hazardous/special waste.

Import and export of waste

This guidance is relevant to you if you intend to transport waste into, out of, or through the United Kingdom. You must comply with international agreements, regulations and policies that govern the international shipment of waste.

On 12 July 2007, updated European legislation comes into force that creates a more universal list of waste codes, and simplifies the procedures for notifiable and non-notifiable waste.

  • All parties involved have a duty to manage the process in a way that protects the environment and human health.
  • Temporary storage, or interim recovery or disposal operations are included in the controls.
  • There must be a financial guarantee or appropriate insurance.
  • The charges for determining notifications have been changed.
  • Prior notification and written consent must be gained from the environmental regulator for the country from which the waste is being sent and the environmental regulator for the country where the waste is being received.
  • Only one waste code is allowed on each notification, which must be selected from the more generic list of waste codes.
  • Tracking and monitoring the movement of specified non-hazardous or ‘green list’ wastes is more strictly controlled.

    Please note: The final details of the implementation of the new regulations have not yet been issued. This guidance contains the latest available information.

You must not dispose of used liquids such as hydraulic fluid, coolant and solvents into surface water systems. Instead, collect them separately in sealed containers for recycling or disposal. Several businesses offer a collection service for hydraulic fluid, anti-freeze and solvents, and equipment is available to carry out on-site coolant recycling.

Most landfill sites will no longer accept whole tyres for disposal. Landfills may only accept whole used tyres if the tyres are used as engineering material, are bicycle tyres, or are tyres with an outside diameter of over 1400mm. The Waste Management Licence or permit for the site must allow the tyres to be accepted.

Shredded used tyres may still be accepted at landfills until July 2006 where the Waste Management Licence or permit allows it. However, a landfill for Hazardous Waste in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, or Special Waste in Scotland, may not accept shredded used tyres after 16 July 2004.

You will no longer be able to break cars, unless you are licensed as an ‘Authorised Treatment Facility’ (ATF). DVLA and DVLNI will not accept Notifications of Destruction other than from ATFs.

Do not mix Special or Hazardous Wastes with general waste.

Good practice

Best practice information on used tyres can be found using the links below.

You should store all wastes separately in designated areas.

Store different types of Special or Hazardous Wastes separately. Mixing those with different hazardous properties, e.g. corrosive wastes and oxidising agents, could cause dangerous chemical reactions.

Take special care when handling waste materials such as oils and chemicals to avoid contamination of surface water drains. Surface water drains often drain straight to watercourses and should only contain clean, uncontaminated water.

The CARE (Consortium for Automotive Recycling) Group UK is a collaborative project involving the main UK vehicle manufacturers importers and dismantlers. They are carrying out research into re-use and recycling with a view to meeting the requirements of the forthcoming ELV Directive. They aim to provide a direct link between operators who intend to become ELV treatment facilities and the motor vehicle manufacturers/ importers who are members of CARE.

‘Plastics in End-of-Life Vehicles’ is a network of stakeholders dedicated to advancing the technology and practice of recovery and recycling of ELVs.

Metal Recycling Sites - Waste Management Licences and Exemptions

All scrapyards, waste metal storage recycling, dismantling or processing sites require either a Metal Recycling Site Waste Management Licence or to register the site as exempt from the need to hold a waste management licence.

It is an offence to carry out activities including keeping, recycling, crushing, baling or dismantling waste materials without an appropriate waste management licence or exemption.

If your site receives, stores or handles other wastes in addition to metal, you may need to apply for a Waste Management Licence as a transfer or treatment site.

Whether you need a Waste Management Licence or an exemption will depend on the types and quantity of wastes which you are handling and the activity being carried out on the site.

To apply for a Waste Management Licence:

  • In England and Wales you either need to complete Form WML6 – Application for a metal recycling site licence or Form WML1 Application for a (Site) Licence.
  • In Northern Ireland you need to complete an application for a Waste Management Licence. Click on the link below to access an electronic copy of the application form.
  • In Scotland you should contact SEPA directly.

To be exempt from the requirement to hold a Waste Management Licence, you must comply with the exemptions specified in Schedule 3 of the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994 (as amended) in England and Wales and in Schedule 2 of the Waste Management Licensing Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2003 in Northern Ireland.

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland use the link below to see a summary of these conditions. Please note that the document is not relevant to Scotland. If your site is located in Scotland and you wish to find out whether exemption conditions apply to you, please contact your local SEPA office.

To register for an exemption from the need to hold a waste management licence you need to send details of the activity you are carrying out, the site location and address and your name/ company name to: the Environment Agency in England and Wales, EHS in Northern Ireland, and SEPA in Scotland. For further information, use the link below.

Northern Ireland - Waste Forms and Guidance

Landfill

Packaging

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Waste Carriers

Waste Management Licensing

For guidance on fees and charges, and technical competence for operators, use the links below:

For specific queries, use the link below to the Environment and Heritage Service (EHS) Waste Management contact list:

Waste Carrier or Transporter

If you transport waste as part of your business or otherwise for profit, you must register with your Environmental Regulator as a waste carrier, unless you are carrying your own waste and it is not construction or demolition waste. If you are a charity or voluntary organisation and you collect or transport waste on a professional basis you must register with your Environmental Regulator as a waste transporter.

Even after you have processed the waste material, it may still be classed as waste. An example of a product which may still be classed as waste after processing is tyre granulate. If your product is classed as waste, the registration requirements above will apply.

You must register even if you only transport waste occasionally.

The requirement to register applies to self-employed carriers as well as partnerships, organisations, groups and companies.

It is an offence to carry waste without being a registered carrier. It is also an offence for anyone else to give you their waste if you are not registered.

You must register with your Environmental Regulator as either a waste carrier or transporter if you transport any waste, unless it is waste which you have produced yourself (except when the waste comes from any construction or demolition activity)

To register as a waste carrier or transporter, you should complete the relevant form for your country of operation.

In England and Wales you need to complete an application to register as a carrier or broker of controlled waste and send it back to Environment Agency, The Quadrant, 99 Parkway Avenue, Sheffield S9 4WG. You also need to check what charge you need to pay.

In Northern Ireland use an "Application for Registration as Carrier of Controlled Waste" form. To obtain electronic copies of this form, click on the links below.

In Scotland to register as a Waste Carrier please contact SEPA for registration forms.

Waste Broker

If you arrange for the disposal or recovery of waste on behalf of another person you must register as a waste broker with the Environment Agency in England and Wales, SEPA in Scotland and the EHS Licensing and Authorisations Unit in Northern Ireland.

Anybody who arranges the disposal or recovery of waste on behalf of another person, and who is going to carry out the disposal or recovery themselves, is not required to register as a broker as long as: they are authorised to do so by either a Waste Management Licence, a PPC permit or IPC authorisation, or the recovery of waste is covered by an exemption.

Registration as a broker of waste is not necessary if you are already registered as a waste carrier or transporter.

To register as a waste broker, you should complete the relevant form for your country of operation.

In England and Wales you need to complete an “Application to register as a Carrier or Broker of Controlled Waste”. To obtain electronic copies of this form and its accompanying guidance notes, click on the links below.

To register in Northern Ireland use an “Application for Registration as Carrier of Controlled Waste” form. To obtain electronic copies of this form, click on the link below.

In Scotland, contact SEPA to get information and forms.

Other Licences and Permissions

You may also require the following licences or permissions. Your Environmental Regulator does not enforce these but you can get further information from the organisations listed.

‘O-licence’

There are a number of specific controls on transportation, the labelling, carriage and handling of dangerous goods and the running of goods vehicle operating centres. For example, any commercial vehicle with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 3.5 tonnes, with a few exceptions, requires an operator licence (‘O-licence’). More information can be obtained by following the links below.

Planning Permission

Planning permission is a pre-requisite in all cases before a Waste Management Licence can be issued. Most exemptions do not have this requirement. Contact your relevant Local Authority (or the Planning Service in Northern Ireland) for further information.